In the treatment of prostatitis, drug therapy is most often prescribed. During the course of his passage, the patient must take drugs of various categories. Some are designed to eliminate the symptoms that cause discomfort, while others act directly on the affected gland, eliminating what is most important: the root cause. At the same time, drugs differ in the strength of their impact, since some are designed to eliminate acute effects, while others are against chronic effects. Let's look at the most popular drugs used in the treatment of prostate inflammation.
Types of drugs for prostatitis.
All drugs prescribed by the attending physician can be divided into several categories depending on the method of application:
- tablets and capsules- taken orally, moderately absorbed by the body, in the case of capsules, absorption occurs much faster, since all components reach their destination shortly after the gelatin shell dissolves.
- injections- these can be both liquid and powder preparations, which are further diluted in a working fluid, usually an anesthetic, administered intramuscularly or intravenously, and the effect can be noticed after a few minutes.
- Rectal suppositories (candles)- have anti-inflammatory, antibacterial and analgesic effects, they are injected into the patient's rectum when he is on his side, and in this position it takes about half an hour for the drug to completely dissolve and absorb.
- instillations- a group of drugs that has the maximum positive effect only in case of direct entry into the area of the affected prostate gland, the method is used in a hospital, since the introduction is carried out through the urethra.
- microclysters- as a rule, this includes non-drug drugs, for example, herbal decoctions, they cannot replace drug therapy, but can be a good way to eliminate pain or prevent it.
It is worth noting that some types of drugs can be sold in several forms at once, for example, tablets and suppositories, so this feature must be indicated by the attending physician without fail.
The most popular drugs for the treatment of prostatitis.
Drug treatment of prostatitis is a rather complicated procedure that requires the doctor to select the right drugs that will not only relieve pain and eliminate other symptoms with manifestations, but also help to eliminate the root cause of the disease. The disease itself can also have a different origin, manifest itself in acute or chronic forms, and deliver the most diverse range of discomfort to the patient, limiting it both naturally and leading to total infertility.
In the treatment of prostatitis, classic tablets, intramuscular injections and rectal suppositories can be used. The choice of drug directly depends on the need for the urgency of delivery of its components to the affected organ.
Don't self-medicate! The main drug must be prescribed exclusively by the attending physician.
The treatment of prostatitis is not limited to one drug. Specialists can also use other types of drugs from different categories.
Fluoroquinolones are antibacterial drugs used in the treatment of prostatitis of tuberculous origin. These funds are used in a complex, and the patient may be prescribed a course consisting of four or more drugs at once.
Cephalosporins are antimicrobials designed to fight specific types of bacteria.
Such drugs can have a broad and targeted spectrum of action, and the need to use a particular agent directly depends on the form of the disease and the cause of its occurrence.
Macrolides in the treatment of prostatitis are rarely used, since they are intended to combat certain types of bacteria, such as mycoplasmas and chlamydia. By the way, such a disease as chlamydia is often accompanied by prostatitis, so doctors prescribe several tests at once to identify problems with the prostate gland in the early stages.
In acute manifestations of prostatitis, the attending physician may prescribe several drugs from several categories at once. This approach allows you to effectively treat both the symptoms and the disease itself.
The vast majority of analgesics are prescribed in the presence of acute pain syndrome, which is an integral companion of chronic, but more often acute forms of prostatitis. The use of drugs belonging to this group, outside the framework of drug therapy aimed at eliminating the disease, is strictly not recommended, since the body quickly gets used to them, and to achieve an analgesic effect, an increase in the dose, which can adversely affect the liver and kidneys. The course of painkillers is prescribed individually.
Alpha blockers and muscle relaxants
The main task of these groups of drugs is to relieve the tension of the spasmodic muscles of the bladder, the urethral canal, and also reduce pressure in the pelvic area. These remedies help to eliminate the feeling of discomfort and normalize the urination processes.
These medicines basically contain natural ingredients, in the case of prostatitis, extracts based on the tissues of the prostate gland of cattle. Regardless of the drug, they all have a common principle of action, which allows:
- slow down the course of inflammatory processes;
- increase the tone of the smooth muscles and the walls of the bladder;
- minimize the possibility of blood clots;
- improve blood circulation in the prostate area;
- reduce the size of the prostate.
Immunomodulators can be used in various diseases, including chronic prostatitis, acute noninfectious prostatitis, and prostate adenoma.
Also, such funds are actively used for preventive purposes, which helps to avoid the occurrence of the disease or its relapse.
Vitamins and biological supplements
Means that fall into these categories can reduce inflammation, improve fluid outflow and relieve congestion. The need for such drugs is also due to insufficient intake of beneficial nutrients in the body, especially during the course of antibiotics.
Prostatitis is a rather complex disease, the treatment of which should only be dealt with by a true specialist. Self-selection of drugs is strictly not recommended, since with this approach there is a high probability of complications in the form of infertility, impotence, and even an increased risk of developing cancer. The use of prostatitis remedies without consulting a doctor can lead to the fact that it will be impossible to get rid of the disease without surgery. In addition, self-treatment is complicated by the impossibility of making an accurate diagnosis, since this requires adequate equipment and knowledge.
It is also necessary to remember that most of the drugs used in the treatment of prostatitis are quite toxic, and some types are simply incompatible. If you feel pain in the pelvic area when you urinate, have a bowel movement or ejaculate, go to the bathroom frequently and cannot empty your bladder normally, it is not worth the risk, consult a doctor. Thus, not only will you avoid the unfavorable course of the disease, but you will also be able to avoid the development of its chronic form, with which you will have to live all your life. In addition, your sexual function will not be affected and, with timely treatment, you will be able to have a completely normal and healthy offspring.