Types of prostatitis: causes, symptoms and treatment

One of the most dangerous "male" diseases is prostatitis - an acute inflammation of the prostate. The disease is accompanied by discomfort when urinating and can threaten infertility. Different types of prostatitis develop at different rates and require a specific therapeutic method. The disease has a number of serious complications and requires timely diagnosis. This will help determine the details and type of the disease in time to start treatment at an early stage of the disease.

Forms of the disease, symptoms.

The disease can occur in acute and chronic forms. The method of treatment is selected depending on the symptoms that characterize the course of the pathology. Signs of acute and chronic forms differ and have a number of features. The acute form always precedes the chronic form, which can progress to more serious diseases such as adenoma and cancer.

Therapy of prostatitis at any stage of development has a favorable prognosis, if complications do not appear.

acute prostatitis

The tissues of the prostate are exposed to pathogenic microorganisms. Also, the acute form develops as a result of damage to the organ by a fungus. Due to the inflammatory process, the balance of the microflora is disturbed, and immunity is reduced. As a result, inflammation of the prostate is exacerbated. Other causes of acute prostatitis include:

  1. Reduced or weakened immunity. Men who have chronic diseases of the genitourinary system and are often prone to colds are more likely than others to have problems with the prostate.
  2. Operative intervention. Any surgical operation can cause various diseases.
  3. Pathology of the internal organs. The presence of pathogenic microorganisms can provoke the development of prostatitis.
  4. Hormonal insufficiency and increased production of estrogens. The risk group includes men aged 30-40 years.
  5. Cavities. Untreated dental disease is one of the most common causes of prostate disease. Bad teeth cause germs to spread throughout the body and cause bacterial prostatitis.

Symptoms of acute prostatitis:

  • severe pain in the muscles and lower back;
  • delays and frequent urge to urinate;
  • erectile dysfunction.
pain in a man with prostatitis

The acute phase requires immediate treatment. The patient is prescribed medication and physiotherapy.

Important! At the first signs of the disease, you should immediately undergo a medical examination, sometimes hospitalization may be necessary. After examination, the details of the pathology are established and treatment is prescribed. Self-medication can lead to the transition from an acute to a chronic form and serious complications (abscess of nearby tissues and vascular thrombosis).

chronic prostatitis

The most dangerous and severe form of the disease. It is characterized by a "slow" course: more often, signs of prostatitis do not appear at all. All types of chronic prostatitis occur as a result of ignoring the symptoms and the lack of timely treatment, sometimes it can occur without an acute form. Other possible causes of chronic prostatitis include:

  • congestion in the internal organs;
  • sedentary work, hypodynamia;
  • weakened immunity;
  • malnutrition;
  • bad habits;
  • trauma;
  • infectious diseases of the genital organs;
  • stress;
  • hypothermia.

Lack of treatment can lead to adenoma. The disease is often asymptomatic, so men should undergo regular medical examinations, especially after the age of 30.

doctor prescribes treatment for prostatitis

Consequences of chronic prostatitis:

  • dysfunction of the genitourinary system and;
  • burning pain in the groin;
  • decreased libido, lack of erection;
  • malaise, weakness

Chronic prostatitis is treated on an outpatient basis, but sometimes the patient may be hospitalized. Therapy includes a complex of physiotherapy, antibiotics and a therapeutic diet. As additional therapeutic measures, massages are prescribed, in especially neglected cases, an operation is performed.



It is an inflammation of the prostate caused by pathogenic microflora. It can present in both acute and chronic form. Most often it develops against the background of transferred infectious and fungal diseases, such as influenza, rubella, chicken pox, herpes.

see a doctor for prostatitis

Factors influencing the development of bacterial prostatitis include smoking, alcohol consumption, weakened immunity, SARS. Most often, this form occurs in patients aged 20-40 years. Antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs are used for treatment.


A rare type of prostatitis, the main cause of which is bacteria: E. coli, staphylococci, Trichomonas, chlamydia and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. It is diagnosed by blood, urine, and secretion tests. The symptoms correspond to the acute form.

The disease is provoked by nervous disorders, smoking, alcohol addiction, stress, depression. Sometimes infection can occur in the postoperative period.

Treatment includes antibiotics and nonsteroidal medications to relieve inflammation. Violation of the course of treatment can lead to the transition of prostatitis into a chronic form.


The cause of the pathology is the ingestion of fungi (aspergillus or candida) in the tissue of the prostate gland. Fungal infection can occur as a result of hormonal changes and long-term use of antibiotics and antibacterial medications. It also occurs against the background of chronic diseases and reduced immunity. Treatment with folk methods and self-medication can lead to a chronic form and serious complications.

Ultrasound diagnosis of prostatitis.

Sometimes it is asymptomatic, which makes it difficult to make a timely diagnosis. The latent form can cause cancer cells to multiply. Diagnosed by biopsy. With fungal prostatitis, there are disturbances in the functioning of the genitourinary system, urethritis, cystitis, pain in the groin and pelvis, fever.


It is a chronic type of non-infectious origin. The causes are congestion of the circulatory system in the pelvic area or stagnation of prostatic secretion. It can occur in a latent form or with mild symptoms. Signs may include mild persistent pain in the genitals, groin, or pelvis, fever, and painful urination.

Sometimes it manifests itself in the form of sexual disorders (decreased libido, insufficient erection, liquefaction or retention of sperm). For treatment, drugs that stimulate blood circulation, hormonal agents are used. Physiotherapy exercises will also be effective.


The most dangerous for the health of the patient is the purulent type. It is characterized by discharge from the urinary canal and fever, indicating the presence of an infection.

prostatitis pills

Stages and subtypes:

  1. catarrhalThis subtype of prostatitis is isolated as a separate disease of infectious origin. The difference is the absence of purulent discharge. All inflammatory processes take place only in the excretory ducts of the gland. The causes are complications of influenza, tonsillitis and SARS. It manifests itself in the form of a frequent urge to urinate with a weak, aching pain. The prognosis is favorable. Complex treatment of concomitant diseases is usually prescribed.
  2. follicular.The acute stage begins with inflammatory processes in the ducts of the gland and is a consequence of pathological manifestations in other organs. Symptoms are mild and often invisible to the patient. It can be triggered by infection or inflammation of the ENT organs, the respiratory system, the urethra, etc. It manifests itself in the form of acute pain, a sharp increase in body temperature, and purulent discharge appears at an advanced stage. With timely treatment, the prognosis is favorable. If the course of treatment is not completed in time, it can proceed to the parenchymal stage.
  3. parenchymal. It is one of the most difficult and dangerous stages. The purulent nature extends to all lobes of the prostate gland. In this subtype of the disease, the outflow of prostatic secretion is disturbed and obstructed with pus and mucus. The chronic form is often prolonged in nature. The patient has functional disorders of the genitourinary system, decreased erection and dissatisfaction with orgasm. Among the most common causes of purulent prostatitis, gonococcal infection is noted. The treatment is long, but it gives a positive effect. Self-medication can lead to life-threatening complications.
  4. abscess. The stage is the most dangerous and requires immediate treatment. It manifests itself in the form of an abscess of the prostate tissue. It can cause kidney failure, infertility, cystitis, and sepsis. Complications can lead to death.
prostatitis pills

One of the main methods of treatment is taking antibacterial drugs. In advanced cases, the patient undergoes surgery. Self-medication can lead to the death of the patient.


It is a complicated form that manifests itself with a long course of the disease. The reason is incorrect therapy or a complete lack of treatment. It is characterized by the formation of stony inclusions in the ducts of the gland. Endogenous stones can block the urethra, causing the patient to experience sharp pain during intercourse, walking, and urination.

It can lead to complications such as impotence and infertility. Treatment is carried out in a hospital, sometimes the patient undergoes surgery. Prolonged lack of treatment can cause prostate cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and adenoma.

prostate stones for prostatitis


Preventive measures will help avoid the development of pathologies and reduce the likelihood of infection. The simplest preventive measures are:

  • regular sexual intercourse;
  • personal hygiene;
  • stop smoking and drinking alcohol;
  • wear comfortable cotton underwear;
  • maintain immunity;
  • proper nutrition;
  • Protection against hypothermia.
sport and nutrition for the prevention of prostatitis

At home, you can prevent the development of pathologies by daily performing simple physical exercises: a bicycle, a bridge, a birch.

Allocating every day for 10 minutes for physical education, you can reduce the risk of prostatitis by half.

Simple exercises will also help improve well-being:

  1. Stand up straight with an emphasis on one leg. With the other leg, make big swings from side to side. It is recommended to make 100 swings with each leg.
  2. leansStand with your feet shoulder-width apart and lean your body alternately to the right and left.
  3. During the day, try to hold your breath for 10 to 15 seconds several times. Repeat the breathing exercises at least 5 times a day.

Treatment of prostatitis is a long and complicated process that can cause many problems. To protect the body from the development of this pathology, regular examinations and preventive measures should be carried out.